A Hill to Die On
Are aquariums ethical? w/ Sarah (It Came From the Sea)

Are aquariums ethical? w/ Sarah (It Came From the Sea)

September 14, 2022

CW: Explicit language, talk of animal abuse

This episode Josie is joined by Sarah, the host of It Came From The Sea to discuss how ethical aquariums are. Sarah goes away to learn more about large-scale, corporate aquariums while Josie focuses on home aquariums. Should betta fish really live in plastic cups? What's wrong with having whale sharks in tanks anyway?

If you want to see the photos Sarah shows Josie in the epsiode, head to the Hillpod Twitter account.

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Show Notes & Sources:

Josie guests on It Came From the Sea

Corals in the city: cultivating ocean life in the Anthropocene

Where are they all from? – sources and sustainability in the ornamental freshwater fish trade

How to make sure your aquarium fish are ethical (commentary)

Survey of pet stores regarding medical advice provided for pet fish and the potential impact on welfare

Global trade in ornamental fish from an Australian perspective: The case for revised import risk analysis and management strategies

Patterns and drivers of aquarium pet discharge in the wild

Barcoding and Border Biosecurity: Identifying Cyprinid Fishes in the Aquarium

Sea for yourself: the ethics of aquariums

Alice, longest-tenured whale shark at Georgia Aquarium, dies

Currently accredited zoos and aquariums - AZA

Comparing length-measurement methods and estimating growth parameters of free-swimming whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) near the South Ari Atoll, Maldives

Whale sharks in the Kuroshio Sea tank

The Truth About Aquariums: Don't Lie To Our Children (5-minute version) [video]

Learning outcomes measured in zoo and aquarium conservation education

Does the MacDonald triad predict violent offending?

Does the MacDonald triad predict violent offending?

May 11, 2022

CW: Explicit language, talk of violence, homicide, animal cruelty, etc.

For the bed-pissers, firestarters and puppy-punters out there: this episode is for you. Josie and Caragh suss out whether the MacDonald triad is a useful tool to predict violent offending. 

 

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Sources:

Browne, K. D., Beech, A. R., Craig, L. A., & Chou, S. (Eds.). (2017). Assessments in forensic practice : A handbook

Fox, D. J. (2015). Antisocial, borderline, narcissistic and histrionic workbook : Treatment strategies for cluster b personality disorders.

Leary, T., Southard, L., Hill, Joe, I.,II, & Ashman, J. (2017). The Macdonald Triad Revisited: An Empirical Assessment of Relationships between Triadic Elements and Parental Abuse in Serial Killers. North American Journal of Psychology, 19(3), 627-640. 

Macdonald, J. M. (1963). The threat to kill. American Journal of Psychiatry, 120(2), 125-130. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.120.2.125 

Parfitt, C. H., & Alleyne, E. (2020). Not the sum of its parts: A critical review of the MacDonald triad. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 21(2), 300–310. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838018764164 

Ryan, K. (2009). The Macdonald triad: Predictor of violence or urban myth? [Dissertation]. Fresno State University.

Simon, Ü. G. (2015). The Traits and the Thrill of Serial Killers. Internal Security, 7(2), 33-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/20805268.1212110

Wilson, D., Yardley, E., & Lynes, A. (2015). Serial killers and the phenomenon of serial murder : A student textbook. Waterside Press.

 

Is music taste indicative of personality?

Is music taste indicative of personality?

February 7, 2022

CN: Explicit language, brief mention of murder

Josie & Caragh suss out whether you can predict a person's personality based on their music taste alone. Caragh listens to Weird Al Yankovic the most - what does this mean? Josie listens to everything from Gregorian chant music and her favourite genre is 90's Midwest Emo - perhaps she's more of a Samantha?

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Reality TV mini series 3 - Diets & dingleberries

Reality TV mini series 3 - Diets & dingleberries

October 1, 2021

CN: Explicit language, discussions around diet, body image and medical procedures

The third of four episodes exploring different genres and subgenres of reality television and whether they are helpful. Josie takes weight loss reality shows to task while Caragh casts a critical eye towards medical reality shows.

Do we learn anything by seeing chicken wings piled up in peoples kitchens? What does a close up of a persons stank butt do for us, exactly?

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Do Scared Straight programs prevent crime? w/ Joe Kassabian (Lions Led By Donkeys)

Do Scared Straight programs prevent crime? w/ Joe Kassabian (Lions Led By Donkeys)

September 21, 2021

Audio note: Due to technical difficulties (Josie), one persons audio is very bad (also Josie)

CW: Explicit language, discussions of state harms, racial violence, brief mention of rape

This episode Josie is joined by Joe Kassabian - historian, author, and host of Lions Led By Donkeys - to discuss whether Scared Straight crime prevention programs prevent crime. Does yelling at children in carceral settings deter offending behaviour? Surely nothing could go wrong when grown men scream in the faces of young children, right? Joe draws upon his own experiences as a poor kid from Detroit while Josie looks at the unambiguous literature spanning decades.

 

Sources:

Case, S., & Haines, K. (2021). Abolishing youth justice systems: Children first, offenders nowhere. Youth Justice, 21(1), 3–17. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473225419898754

Maahs, J., & Pratt, T. C. (2017). “I hate these little turds!”: Science, entertainment, and the enduring popularity of scared straight programs. Deviant Behavior, 38(1), 47-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2016.1190619

McCarty, W. P. (2011). Scared straight programs. In W. J. Chambliss (Ed.), Juvenile crime and justice (pp. 226-238). SAGE.

Petrosino, A., Turpin-Petrosino, C., Hollis-Peel, M. E., & Lavenberg, J.G. (2013). 'Scared straight' and other juvenile awareness programs for preventing juvenile delinquency. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4, 1-37, DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002796.pub2

Scared Straight documentary (1999 release)

Welsh, B. C., & Rocque, M. (2014). When crime prevention harms: a review of systematic reviews. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 10, 245-266. DOI 10.1007/s11292-014-9199-2

 

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Reality TV mini series 2 - Renos & real estate

Reality TV mini series 2 - Renos & real estate

June 26, 2021

CN: Explicit language

The second of four episodes exploring different genres and subgenres of reality television and whether they are helpful. Caragh investigates real estate shows that centre around the purchasing of houses while Josie checks out the dynamics of house flipping & renovation shows.

Does anyone learn anything useful from shows like 'Location, Location, Location' or 'The Block'? What explicit and implicit messaging is delivered through these shows?

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Reality TV mini series 1 - Cops & court

Reality TV mini series 1 - Cops & court

May 8, 2021

NOTE: Audio difficulties between 23:18 and 53:36

CN: Explicit language, police violence, Black deaths in custody, sewage

The first of four episodes exploring different genres and subgenres of reality television and whether they are at all helpful.

In this episode Josie digs into policing-based reality shows such as Cops and Border Security. Caragh investigates courtroom-based reality shows such as Judge Judy and The People's Court.

What do Bad Boys do when 'they' come for them?

Are Judy's rulings truly final? Is it actually her courtroom? Is her name even Judy?

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Will artificial intelligence take over the world?

Will artificial intelligence take over the world?

March 18, 2021

CN: Explicit language, brief mention of war crimes

Will AI enslave us? Will AI decide we're too fickle to keep around? Will AI make paperclips out of our bowels? This episode Josie & Caragh ask whether artificial intelligence will actually take over the world one day.

Sources:

AI Takeover Wiki Page

Abu Ghraib and Witches: What Might go Wrong if we let AI Predict Violence from Images

Boston Dynamics Dancing Robots (Copaganda)

How to Prevent AI From Taking over the World

Rebooting AI: Building Artificial Intelligence we can Trust

Will AI take over? Quantum theory suggests otherwise

Will AI Take Over the World?

Worried about AI taking over the world? You may be making some rather unscientific assumptions

 

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Is the body positivity movement actually positive?

Is the body positivity movement actually positive?

February 8, 2021

CN: Explicit language, eating disorders, body & gender dysphoria, sexual violence, police violence

This episode Caragh and Josie ask whether the body positivity movement is actually positive. After spitballing their opinions in the first portion of the show, they come back and discuss what they learned during the 'research period'.

Themes discussed:
- skinny shaming
- 'the promotion of obesity'
- the origins of the movement
- alternative questions to ask rather than, 'Is this actually body positive?'
- capitalist infiltration
- how to support trans folks in a body positive way
& more

Show notes:

- 'Why Diets Make Us Fat' by Sandra Aamodt

- 5 Questions to Ask Instead of 'Is this really body positive?'

- 4 'Body Positive' Phrases that Exclude Trans People (And What to Say Instead)

- Lazuka, W. (2020). Are We There Yet? Progress in Depicting Diverse Images of Beauty in Instagram’s Body Positivity Movement. Body Image, 34, 85–93.

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BONUS: A Molehill to Die On - Hindsight is 2020

BONUS: A Molehill to Die On - Hindsight is 2020

January 11, 2021

CW: Explicit language, mention of r*pe, homicide & sexual references relating to Bigfoot

Josie & Caragh give a recap on the first year of A Hill to Die On. Changed positions, updates & how episodes have impacted daily life are discussed. Here's to 2021, baybeeee.

 

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